Latin Writing and Pronounciation

consonants
Sign Phoneme As In e.g.
p, ph /p/ "pet" px, aper
b /b/ "bet" barba, faber
m /m/ "met" mnus, rma
t, th /t/ "ten" theatrum, cantharus, tempus, pater
d /d/ "den" dns, cauda
n /n/ "net" ntus, dnum
n before c, g, x, qu /n/ "sing" uncus, cingula, cinxit, lnquit
c, ch, k /k/ "keg" pulcher, Kalendae, chorus, caput, cibus, pecus, decem
g /g/ "get" gaudet, genus, pgus, regit
gn /nn/ "sing now" magnus, signum
f /f/ "fed" flius, nfns
s /s/ "set" sl, csus
z /z/ "zip" zna, gza
l /l/ "let" lx, malum
r, rh /r/ spanish "pero" rbur, merum, rhtor
j /j/ "yet" jecur, dejectus
v /v/ "wet" vr, pavor
h /h/ "hot" humus, cohors
bs /ps/ "sips" urbs, obses
bt /pt/ "apt" obtinet, obttus
x /ks/ "fix" xenium, rxa
qu /kv/ "quiet" quis, equus
pp /pp/ "cheap pants" mappa
bb /bb/ "glib boast" gibba
mm /mm/ "some mud" summa
tt /tt/ "hot time" mittit
dd /dd/ "sad day" reddit
nn /nn/ "tin nose" pannus
cc, cch, cq /kk/ "sick cat" ecquis, siccus, eccheuma
gg /gg/ "big game" agger
ff /ff/ "stiff foot" effectus
ss /ss/ "nice soap" esse
rr, rrh /rr/ spanish "perro" error, Callirrho
ll /ll/ "small lake" pallor
i between vowels /jj/ "say yes" maius, Pompeius
vowels
i, y /i/ "pit" ita, sibi, symbolus
, long y // "deep" dem, vd
e /e/ "pet" ebur, bene
// "paid" sus, pln
a /a/ "father," short abest, cava
// "father," long les, rn
o /o/ "long modo
// "hope" d, dn
u /u/ "put" ubi, humus
// "tooth" ber, frct
ei /ei/ "paid" deinde, ei
eu /eu/ "few" euge, heus, eheu
ae /ae/ "tight" aevum, maeret, silvae
au /au/ "house" aura, laudat
oe /oi/ "void" oeconomia, foedus, euoe
ui /ui/ "gooey" huic, cui
h

 

malmoea

Thursday, February 28, 2013 12:18 PM

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